Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Video Games: Assassin Simulations Video game violence has been a wildly debated topic since the beginnings of the industry. The topic evolved from the debate on media violence or violence in print media. However, the video game debate brings a new angle. Video games, because of their immersive nature, are said to have more impact on children. The proponents and opponents of video game censorship do not really fall into traditional political boundaries. The proponents of censorship tend to be some parents and doctors. Those opposed to censorship tend to be those who play the video games themselves. There is a center faction, however. The center faction consists of those doctors and psychologists who evaluate media violence on a purely medical level. The proponents of video game censorship use a lot of pathos, ethos, but little logos. They mainly believe that kids are driven to violent acts through what they observe in their environment. They invoke images of the school shootings at Columbine. They rely on their own ethos, being mostly doctors or self-declared Ã¢â¬Å"expertsÃ¢â¬ on the subject. The center is a bit different. They rely totally on logos and ethos. They provide statistics and ask you to trust their studies. They also attack the studies and logic by the proponents as faulty. But, despite this, they do recognize that video games are getting increasingly violent. The opponents of video game censorship are mostly video gamers like myself, whose only voice is on USENET and popular web-based gaming forums. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any Ã¢â¬Å"expertsÃ¢â¬ to speak for us, except for those who take a general anti-censorship stance. Video games, being an expression of free speech and not dangerous to our children, should not be censored. Michael... ...nents of censorship were adults when they committed the crime. In addition, video games are an art form and are protected as free speech under the first amendment. Works Cited Brody, Michael Ã¢â¬Å"Playing With DeathÃ¢â¬ The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter. v16 i11 (Nov. 2000) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Grossman, Dave Ã¢â¬Å"Teaching Kids How to KillÃ¢â¬ National Forum v80 i4 (Fall 2000) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Peck, Peggy Ã¢â¬Å"Brain Cells Victims of Video ViolenceÃ¢â¬ United Press International (Dec. 3 2002) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Walling, Anne D. Ã¢â¬Å"Do Video Games Lead to Violent Behavior in ChildrenÃ¢â¬ American Family Physician v65 i7 p1436 Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Ã¢â¬Å"Gangs in Cyber SpaceÃ¢â¬ Yahoo Internet Life (Aug. 1, 2002) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Video Games: Assassin Simulations Essay -- Video Games Violence Papers Video Games: Assassin Simulations Video game violence has been a wildly debated topic since the beginnings of the industry. The topic evolved from the debate on media violence or violence in print media. However, the video game debate brings a new angle. Video games, because of their immersive nature, are said to have more impact on children. The proponents and opponents of video game censorship do not really fall into traditional political boundaries. The proponents of censorship tend to be some parents and doctors. Those opposed to censorship tend to be those who play the video games themselves. There is a center faction, however. The center faction consists of those doctors and psychologists who evaluate media violence on a purely medical level. The proponents of video game censorship use a lot of pathos, ethos, but little logos. They mainly believe that kids are driven to violent acts through what they observe in their environment. They invoke images of the school shootings at Columbine. They rely on their own ethos, being mostly doctors or self-declared Ã¢â¬Å"expertsÃ¢â¬ on the subject. The center is a bit different. They rely totally on logos and ethos. They provide statistics and ask you to trust their studies. They also attack the studies and logic by the proponents as faulty. But, despite this, they do recognize that video games are getting increasingly violent. The opponents of video game censorship are mostly video gamers like myself, whose only voice is on USENET and popular web-based gaming forums. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any Ã¢â¬Å"expertsÃ¢â¬ to speak for us, except for those who take a general anti-censorship stance. Video games, being an expression of free speech and not dangerous to our children, should not be censored. Michael... ...nents of censorship were adults when they committed the crime. In addition, video games are an art form and are protected as free speech under the first amendment. Works Cited Brody, Michael Ã¢â¬Å"Playing With DeathÃ¢â¬ The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter. v16 i11 (Nov. 2000) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Grossman, Dave Ã¢â¬Å"Teaching Kids How to KillÃ¢â¬ National Forum v80 i4 (Fall 2000) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Peck, Peggy Ã¢â¬Å"Brain Cells Victims of Video ViolenceÃ¢â¬ United Press International (Dec. 3 2002) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Walling, Anne D. Ã¢â¬Å"Do Video Games Lead to Violent Behavior in ChildrenÃ¢â¬ American Family Physician v65 i7 p1436 Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP. Ã¢â¬Å"Gangs in Cyber SpaceÃ¢â¬ Yahoo Internet Life (Aug. 1, 2002) Information Access Expanded Academic ASAP.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
In the book the wars Timothy uses the elements of earth, wind, fire and as double sided meanings were one is the challenge of war and one is the strategy Robert used the element to keep him sane. If we look at earth for Roberts soldier side. We can see that it is always refereed to the mud, which was one of the soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest enemies. It caused many soldiers to drown as well as slow down soldiers during artillery strikes. For RobertsÃ¢â¬â¢s normal side we see how he frees Rodwells toad in the mud showing earthÃ¢â¬â¢s nature side. The Earth at one point traps Robert making Robert have to struggle free harder and harder faster and faster causing Robert to be temporary blind from the gas. The earth also resembled RobertsÃ¢â¬â¢s love for nature since he used animals to resemble the people he knew to keep some sanity during the war this though led to Roberts blindness at the end of the war. Robert blinded himself so much in the belief that he used this to save the horses, which was one of the first things he ever killed losing his innocence. I believe this was Roberts way of saying he wanted his innocence back and wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t able to keep the soldier face on any more. Finley also uses the air as an element for its life giving properties or the unluckiness of bringing deathly gases. During the war Robert uses the air to see his childhood Ã¢â¬ ¦the mist was filled with rabbits and Rowena and his father and his mother and the whole of his past lifeÃ¢â¬âbirth and death and childhood. He could breathe them in and breathe them out. Ã¢â¬ (p. 14). During the battles of war though Robert is constantly running and hiding from the air to live but at the same time everytime he breaths he remembers his home, Ã¢â¬Å"Slithering over the craterÃ¢â¬â¢s rimÃ¢â¬âa pale blue fog appeared. Like a veil his mother mightÃ¢â¬â¢ve worn. Ã¢â¬ (P. 137). From this I believe he uses the air to think for what he has to live for at home. He uses this to stay sane as well as give him something to live for increasing his chances of survival. At the ending of the book they say you can see the air he his breathing which is Robert finally being home as his own sane self. For fire it is both chaos as well as what brings back Roberts human side. In the barn Robert suffers serious burns to the face which is supposed to resemble his soldier face disappearing. After his time in the hospital Robert lives a normal life away from war where we can finally see him smiling in a photo of him with his burnt face.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Blue whale; this whale measures 25-26 meters long weighing 100-120 tones making it the largest of all whales. Blue whale feeds through lunging and gulping preying on krill, they move to Polar Regions to feed during summer and return to lower latitudes during winter for breeding. They are distributed all over the blue waters ranging from the equator region to both hemispheres of Polar Regions. Fin whale species feed through lunging and gulping with primary prey as krill and schooling fish. Measures 21-22 meters long with females being larger than males. They weighs 45-75 tones and with a worldwide distribution. They are found in temperate regions to polar waters and less frequent in tropics. They migrate between high-latitude feeding regions during summer and lower-latitude grounds for breeding in winter. It is estimated that a single fin whale can urinate up to 970 liters in a day. Sperm whale; males are 15 meters long while females are 11meters long, they do their feeding near the ocean bottom with squid and fish as their main prey. They are distributed all over the blue waters from the equatorial region to Polar Regions. We will write a custom essay sample on Marine Biology : Whales or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Migrate between high and mid latitude summer to feed and to the tropical regions during winter breeding and calving zones. Reproduction Whales give birth to young ones called calves, mothers lactate this young whales until maturity just like other mammals. Breeding is seasonal in warm tropical regions with one female bearing a calf every 1-3 years. They have longer gestation periods ranging from 9-18 months depending on the species. The strong bond between mothers and calves is due to the long association period that goes for more than a year. This also provides protection of younger whales to survive the harsh predatory aquatic life. Whale Behavior Most whales specifically baleen whales move long distances from their usual Coldwater feeding zones to warmer regions for breeding annually.
Friday, December 27, 2019
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Walt Disney became an icon in the United Sates through his accomplishments and innovations. He is known for his variety of movies, theme parks, and institutions. Disney was the first to invent a carton in full color. Also, he opened the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first theme park. Disney was a very talented person and made many accomplishments. Disney grew up on his uncleÃ¢â¬â¢s farm in Missouri with his mother, father, and four siblings. Being the son of a stern religious fundamentalist, his childhood was far from easy. His father, Elias, did not allow the children to play with toys, games, or sports equipment. They were forced to work on the farm to help with the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s finances. Their family moved quite often; from Chicago to Marceline, Missouri, to KansasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There, they created Disney Studios and then produced 56 Ã¢â¬Å"AliceÃ¢â¬ films within three years as well as 26 Ã¢â¬Å"Oswald the RabbitÃ¢â¬ films in under two years. In 1928, Disney created the character Mickey Mouse. Originally, Mickey was portrayed as an airplane pilot, then an adventurous pirate. DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s first sound movie was called Ã¢â¬Å"The Jazz SingerÃ¢â¬ , which led to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first talking-and-music cartoon called Ã¢â¬Å"Steamboat WillieÃ¢â¬ featuring Mickey Mouse. Because the cartoon was getting so much positive attention, Disney decided to add a few new characters by the names of Minnie Mouse (MickeyÃ¢â¬â¢s girlfriend), Goofy, Plato, and Donald Duck. After eight years of its creation, Mickey Mouse was being recognized all over the world as a Ã¢â¬Å"popular personalityÃ¢â¬ (Baughman). From 1930 to 1970, Walt created several cartoons. Some of these Ã¢â¬ËclassicsÃ¢â¬â¢ included Ã¢â¬Å"Dumbo,Ã¢â¬ Pinocchio,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Snow White,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Cinderella,Ã¢â¬ Peter Pan,Ã¢â¬ Lady and the Tramp,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sleeping Beauty,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"101 Dalmatians,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The Sword and the Stone,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Jungle Book.Ã¢â¬ In 1932, Disney developed the first cartoon to be made in full color, Flowers and TreesÃ¢â¬â¢ an installment in his Ã¢â¬Å"Silly SymphonyÃ¢â¬ series (UXL Biographies). He had become very successful in the world of cartoons until 1940 when he experienced his first financial struggle with the invention of the cartoon Ã¢â¬Å"Fantasia.Ã¢â¬ He was devastated. Soon after, some of his writers went on strike because of his Ã¢â¬Å"dictatorial styleÃ¢â¬ (Carson and Bonk). In 1945, Disney put together
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Culture in International Relationship Marketing. Answer: Introduction The business operations and the business practices which are executed between the two different nations or economies and the trade which is conducted across the borders is known as international business. These types of business operations are considered under the global context and can be termed as the international business. Global business is the practice or the activities which encompasses all commercial activities which are executed for promoting the exchange of goods and services the available resources, people, and technologies across the national boundaries (Frank Chung 2017). Global business offers benefits to the business environment, for instance the emergence of the concepts such as globalization, modernization etc. The advantages of Successful global organizations perceive the assorted variety of the world commercial center and can adapt to the vulnerabilities and dangers of working together in a persistently changing worldwide market. A business procedure that includes offering products and services in various outside business sectors without changing the attributes of the products and services to suit the social standards or traditions of the different markets can be considered as the international business. The below executed report will be focused on the business development plan of Coles Thailand which is a supermarket brand name in Australia. The attractiveness of the market structure in which the business entity is operating can be defined by the benefits or the aids which will be gained by the business corporation (Armstrong et al., 2015). Coles is a supermarket chain and is a well-known brand name and operates the business all over the globe. As mentioned in the presented scenario the business entity is planning for development of the business and the selected market region is Thailand. For presenting the attractiveness of the market for Coles an analysis of some of the external factors can be done: Thailand has a diversified manufacturing sector which has been considered as an integral contributor in the countrys growth and development (Aydin, 2016). On the basis of the conducted research it has been noted that in 2010, the contribution of the industrial sector was 44.7% of GDP with an increase in the output from THB2.3tn ($53.1bn) in 2002 to THB4.3tn ($119.5bn) in 2010. Moreover, it has also been estimated by Thai chamber of commerce that the recent foods cost the economy $33bn and this can be proven very much beneficial for the business entity. The above presented data proves that the economy is a stable region and developing the business to such a region will be proven beneficial for the entity (Cavusgil et al., 2014). Moreover, the economic condition of the entity is more likely to stimulate the business environment; the factors such as a high level of employment will lead to ensure the entity in hiring potential and skilled workforce. There is no control over these factors but the impacts of the same on the marketing mix can be deep. According to the survey the survey it has been analyzed that Thailand had a literacy rate of 95.7% for the total population in2010. The government incurred around 4.3% of GDP on educational sector for the duration 2006-09 (Czinkota Ronkainen, 2013). And through this it has been concluded that this factor will be proven beneficial for the business entity as the high literacy rate dictates the presence of an educated workforce on a large number. This has been considered as one of the integral factor as the workforce is the most valuable asset for the organization. Moreover, it has also observed that an increase in the contribution of women in the workforce and also the average educational qualification has been found increasing. An increase in the educational qualification will provide the business entity with the potential and skilled workforce. This will enhance the quality and productivity of firm. Technology and advancement has been considered as one of the main factor which is required to be essentially and effectively adopted by the business entity. This is one of the factors which enable the entity in coping up with the competitive environment and also tackling with the rivals. An upgraded technology also aids the business corporation in the various operations and functionalities. For instance, in case of Coles, the technology will be used by the business entity in maintaining and managing the super markets and the stores (Meiners et al., 2014). The inventory in the warehouses, a proper display of products in the super markets will be made possible. Moreover, cloud computing has been considered as one of the biggest technological up-gradation which can be used by the business entity for storing the data. Resources and capabilities of Coles The resources and the capabilities are considered as one of the integral component of the business entity as they assist the corporation in executing all the operations and functionalities. The optimum utilization of all the available resources and capabilities of the workforce will enable the entity in attaining desired growth and success (Morschett, Schramm-Klein Zentes, 2015). The increased performance level will result in a strong operating system and which will enable the entity to tackle with the rivals. The resources has been segmented in the various divisions and from them the major divisions are tangible and intangible resources which are further segmented in varied range of resources which are available with the business entity. The below pasted is the approach which can be utilized by Coles for presenting the resources and capabilities of the firm. This approach can be adopted or utilized by the business entity for describing the available resources and capabilities with the firm and which will be further used for attaining the competitive advantage in the business environment (Nahavandi, 2016). The resource-based view (RBV) can be considered as the approach or the way of viewing the business entity and in turn of approaching strategy. On a very basic level, this hypothesis plans the firm to be a heap of assets (Papadopoulos Heslop, 2014). It is these assets and how they are joined, which make firms not the same as each other. It is considered as adopting a back to front strategy while dissecting the firm. This implies the beginning stage of the investigation is the inner condition of the association. Resources of the firm can incorporate all advantages, abilities, hierarchical procedures, firm traits, data and information. In short resources can be considered as sources of info that encourage the association to play out its exercises (Samaha, Beck Palmatier, 2014). All assets that an association has might not have key pertinence. An association's asset ought to have four credits to give the possibility to upper hand. The below presented are the VRIN characteristics which are described for the resources which are strategically significant for the entity: Valuable: When resources are considered as liable in bringing value to the organization then they can be considered as the source for attaining the competitive advantage (Turnbull Valla, 2013). Rare: The resources are required to be utilized in a manner that they deliver or assist in development of a unique strategy for providing competitive advantage to the business organization. In some cases there are some resources which are valuable and are present with then competitors as well. Such a resource is not rare to provide the competitive advantage to the firm. Inimitable: Resources can be wellsprings of maintained upper hand if contending firms can't get them (Wild, Wild Han, 2014). For instance, a scenario can be considered where a resource is significant and uncommon however the contending associations can duplicate them effectively. Such assets likewise can't be wellsprings of upper hand Non-substitutable: Resources ought not to have the capacity to be supplanted by some other deliberately proportional significant resources (Cavusgil et al., 2014). On the off chance that two resources can be used independently to execute a similar technique then they are deliberately comparable. Such resources are substitutable as are not wellsprings of supported upper hand. The VRIO analysis can be put to use for further depth and knowing the resources and capabilities and also the advantages which will assist in sustaining in the competitive environment. The below presented is the description of VRIO analysis for Coles super markets for getting aware about the resources and capabilities: Ordinary low costs: Coles Super market has everlastingly had the solid acknowledgment from their motto, 'I M Free. The importance of this trademark is that Coles Super market offers the most focused costs, and if a consumer comes to them with a superior value (Beamish, 2013), Coles Super market will coordinate this cost. This has been a significant asset and has enabled Coles Super market to accomplish the biggest share of the overall industry in the markdown retail industry. This trademark is likewise an irregularity inside the business. In any case, we find that this technique is effortlessly repeated. Coles Super market is presently sorted out to completely abuse this asset (Dinnie, 2015). Grocery Retail: Coles Super market right now offers staple retail inside their stores; this is an important asset that enables them to hold substantial benefits (Forsgren Johanson, 2014). This isn't an uncommon trait in light of the fact that there is other rivalry that has a similar advertising. This could be effectively imitated however Coles Super market is completely fit for misusing this asset. Greeters: Coles Super market is the main markdown retail location that offers greeters when clients enter the store (Enderwick, 2013). This is a profitable asset since it gives the purchaser an inviting vibe when they enter. This is additionally an uncommon property inside the business. Any organization that endeavored to impersonate this would confront huge costs (expanded workers = increment cost). Coles Super market is completely able to sort out this ascribe and adventure it further bolstering its fullest good fortune. MIS System: Coles Super market is known for having the cutting edge MIS framework that enables them to keep stock costs low (Moran, Abramson Moran, 2014). No other retailer inside the business has possessed the capacity to arrange and abuse this asset. This is an uncommon, significant asset and couldn't be effortlessly imitated. Institutional factors affecting firms ability The below presented are the institutional factors which are held liable in stimulating the firms ability and performance: The above mentioned are the factors which comprise of the most integral components which can be considered as responsible in stimulating the business environment of Coles super markets in Thailand (Ferraro Briody, 2017). Political factor includes the political stability of the region or the economy, the nature of the governing bodies .i.e. the government is supportive by nature or not etc. Whereas the economical factor comprise of the elements such as the interest rates charged, the tax rates or the economic stability of the economy. These all the factors are required to be positive as they play a crucial role in influencing the business environment. For instance, if the governing authorities are not supportive in Thailand then Coles will have to face number of issues for developing the business in the region. Also the tax rates and interest rates will be affecting the business operations. Economic and political instability can be considered as an integral reason and can also come-u p as a threat on Coles super market in Thailand. For instance, a downturn in the economic conditions, the business entity can also face a decrease in the number of customers. And this will affect the income and revenues of the super market. Society is one of the most empirical factors which play a significant role in influencing the ability of the business corporation. Social factors are the elements which comprise of the consumers, the lifestyle of the consumers, their perception and buying patterns for the products their beliefs and thoughts etc. These all are the factors which are considered as very much liable in influencing the performance of the business organization (Nahavandi, 2016). For instance, the beliefs and perception of the consumers dictates the demand and supply of the products and services and which will surely affect the performance and ability of the entity. The consumers prefer less to wander here and there for shopping. The super markets allow them to shop all the products or the requirements at one place and this convenience will positively affect the performance level of the business corporation (Wach Wehrman, 2014). Technology and up-gradation has been considered as one of the most essential requirement for the business organization which is utilized by the entity in all the operations and functionalities. This factor aids the entity in coping up with the modernization and changing trends in the market. In case of Coles super market technology plays a significant role in developing and attaining a high level of success and growth (Pudelko, Tenzer Harzing, 2014). For instance, the super markets should have CCTV cameras which will be installed for maintaining a sense of security and safety, cloud computing system should be used by the business entity for storing the data to a single system. These are some of the examples which will bring improvements and advancements to the performance and ability of the firm. Effects on entry decision The political and economic factor is considered as very much liable in stimulating the business operations and functionalities of Coles. For instance, the business entity will have a smooth and flawless working environment if the entity is obeying and following all the guidelines and norms which are levied by the political or the governing bodies within the economy. The consumers are the king of the market and are one of the most integral part of the society and are liable in stimulating the business. As their perceptions, life style and beliefs will affect the demand and which will be reflected in the sales and profits of the firm. The entity should be coping-up with the changing trends and technological up-gradations and which will aid the firm in dealing and tackling the competitive environment within the economy (Hill, Cronk Wickramasekera, 2013). All these above mentioned are the factors are positively affecting the entry decision for the business entity in the new region for the purpose of business development of Coles in Thailand. Conclusion In the limelight of the above executed analysis it has been concluded that Coles super market is a multinational brand name in the sector of super-market and has been expecting for business development in Thailand. The above report has been made focused on the business development plan which is analyzing number of factors which will be stimulating the business environment and operations of the entity. The report comprises of the analysis of the description of the market of Coles super market which comprises of the positive factor which are affecting the business environment of the organization. Further, the analysis comprise of the development of the awareness of the resources and capabilities which will be utilized by the business corporation for competing with the rivals. The next are the institutional factor which are stimulating the performance of the firm and also impacts of the same are described. References Armstrong, G., Kotler, P., Harker, M., Brennan, R. (2015). Marketing: an introduction. Pearson Education. Aydin, R. (2016). An integrated marketing and engineering approach to product line design with consideration of remanufactured products (Doctoral dissertation, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University). Beamish, P. (2013).Multinational joint ventures in developing countries (RLE International Business). Routledge. Cavusgil, S. T., Knight, G., Riesenberger, J. R., Rammal, H. G., Rose, E. L. (2014). International business. Pearson Australia. Czinkota, M. R., Ronkainen, I. A. (2013). International marketing. Cengage Learning. Enderwick, P. (Ed.). (2013).Multinational Service Firms (RLE International Business). Routledge. Ferraro, G. P., Briody, E. K. (2017).The cultural dimension of global business. Taylor Francis. Forsgren, M., Johanson, J. (2014).Managing networks in international business. Routledge. Frank Chung. (2017). Coles focuses on service with Im free. Retrieved on 22nd October 2017. From https://www.news.com.au/finance/business/retail/coles-focuses-on-service-with-im-free/news-story/87de478cde0d5757aed7b4962c1d1cbd. Meiners, R. E., Ringleb, A. H., Edwards, F. L. (2014). The legal environment of business. Cengage Learning. Moran, R. T., Abramson, N. R., Moran, S. V. (2014).Managing cultural differences. Routledge. Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H., Zentes, J. (2015). Strategic international management. Springer. Papadopoulos, N., Heslop, L. A. (2014). Product-country images: Impact and role in international marketing. Routledge. Pudelko, M., Tenzer, H., Harzing, A. W. (2014). Cross-cultural management and language studies within international business research: past and present paradigms and suggestions for future research.Routledge companion to crosscultural management. London: Routledge. Samaha, S. A., Beck, J. T., Palmatier, R. W. (2014). The role of culture in international relationship marketing. Journal of Marketing, 78(5), 78-98. Turnbull, P. W., Valla, J. P. (Eds.). (2013). Strategies for international industrial marketing. Routledge. Wild, J. J., Wild, K. L., Han, J. C. (2014).International business. Pearson Education Limited. Hill, C. W., Cronk, T., Wickramasekera, R. (2013).Global business today. McGraw-Hill Education (Australia). Wach, K., Wehrman, C. (2014). Entrepreneurship in International Business: International Entrepreneurship as the Intersection of Two Fields.International Entrepreneurship and Corporate Growth in Visegrad Countries, 9-22. Dinnie, K. (2015).Nation branding: Concepts, issues, practice. Routledge.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
The First Amendment No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violating the bounds of the First Amendment by publicly offending others through obscenity or racism. Americans have developed a distinct disposition toward the freedom of expression throughout history. The First Amendment clearly voices a great American respect toward the freedom of religion. It also prevents the government from abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Since the early history of our country, the protection of basic freedoms has been of the utmost importance to Americans. In Langston Hughes' poem, Freedom, he emphasizes the struggle to enjoy the freedoms that he knows are rightfully his. He reflects the American desire for freedom now when he says, I do not need my freedom when I'm dead. I cannot live on tomorrow's bread. He recognizes the need for freedom in its entirety without compromise or fear. I think Langston Hughes captures the essence of the American immigrants' quest for freedom in his poem, Freedom's Plow. He accurately describes American's as arriving with nothing but dreams and building America with the hopes of finding greater freedom or freedom for the first time. He depicts how people of all backgrounds worked together for one cause: freedom. I selected Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 as a fictitious example of the evils of censorship in a world that is becoming illiterate. In this book, the government convinces the public that book reading is evil because it spreads harmful opinions and agitates people against the government. The vast majority of people accept this censorship of expression without question and are content to see and hear only the government's propaganda. I found this disturbing yet realistic. Bradbury's hidden opposition to this form of censorship was apparent throughout the book and finally prevailed in the end when his main character rebelled against the practice of burning books. Among the many forms of protests are pickets, strikes, public speeches and rallies. Recently in New Jersey, more than a thousand community activists rallied to draft a human budget that puts the needs of the poor and handicapped as a top priority. Rallies are an effective means for people to use their freedoms effectively to bring about change from the government. Freedom of speech is constantly being challenged as is evidenced in a recent court case where a Gloucester County school district censored reviews of two R-rated movies from a school newspaper. Superior Court Judge, Robert E. Francis ruled that the student's rights were violated under the state Constitution. I feel this is a major break through for students' rights because it limits editorial control of school newspapers by educators and allows students to print what they feel is important. A newly proposed bill (A-557) would prevent school officials from controlling the content of student publications. Critics of the bill feel that student journalists may be too young to understand the responsibilities that come with free speech. This is a valid point; however, it would provide an excellent opportunity for them to learn about their First Amendment rights that guarantees free speech and freedom of the press. In his commencement address to Monmouth College graduates, Professor Alan Dershowitz of Harvard Law School defended the broad right to free speech. He stated, My message to you graduates is to assert your rights, to use them responsibly and boldly, to oppose racism, to oppose sexism, to oppose homophobia and bigotry of all kinds and to do so within the spirit of the First Amendment, not by creating an exception to it. I agree that one should feel free to speak openly as long as it does not directly or indirectly lead to the harm of others. One of the more controversial issues was the recent 2 Live Crew incident involving obscenity in rap music. Their record, As Nasty as They Wanna Be, was ruled obscene in federal court. They were acquitted of the charges and quickly became a free speech martyr. Although many stores pulled the album, over two million copies sold as a result of the incident. I feel that in this case the principles of free speech have